1 - 6 of 6 Chapters
[In the modern era, representation is the hallmark of democracy, and electoral rules structure how representation works and how effectively governments perform. Moreover, of the key structural variables in constitutional design,1 it is the choice of electoral system that is usually the most open...
[The political history of Italy and Japan during the post-war period is strongly associated with two dominant parties: the Italian Christian Democrats (DC) and the Japanese Liberal Democrat Party (LDP). Notwithstanding this similarity, the electoral and party systems of the two countries...
[This chapter explores the link between electoral reforms and structural changes in the social bases of party support in Italy and Japan. Italy and Japan offer important case studies as they underwent significant electoral reform in the early 1990s as part of a more general process of political...
[In the 1990s, Italy and Japan both adopted mixed-member majoritarian (MMM) electoral systems that combined single member districts (SMDs) with proportional representation (PR) (Shugart and Wattenberg 2001b). Political parties in both countries were thus faced with the novel problem of deciding...
[Italy and Japan have often been compared on the basis of the fact that they both had a highly factionalized dominant party that maintained control of national government for long periods of time. While the Italian Christian Democratic Party (DC) was typically the dominant party in multiparty...
[During the 1980s and into the 1990s, citizens in Italy and Japan grew fed up with the politics of their country. The elite politician class of both countries faced problems of accountability and corruption. Finally, news of scandals in both countries in the early 1990s provided the impetus for...
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