1 - 10 of 12 Chapters
[In this first chapter, I want to examine the fascinating and interdependent relationship of thought to language, and begin the process of describing how both relate to argument. I am going to pursue the claim that just as language must be the result of thought, so too thought, understood as a...
[That we must address the issue of what it means for something to mean something else shows in itself that the answer is not obvious. Indeed, philosophers of language spend the better part of their time on this very question. At the same time, the simplest man can use language and he knows just...
[In this chapter I shall endorse the claim that language use, largely and perhaps in its entirety, is argument. Building on the points made in the previous chapters, I shall assert that to say things is, almost always, to mean other things too: and those other things can only be understood...
[In any careful study, it is as well to be sure, and to make clear, what exactly it is that one is studying: in a study such as this, which has much to say about the pitfalls of vague language and the dangers of equivocation when general terms are used with nice distinctions, it is of paramount...
[Traditionally, there are three fields which study arguments: logic, dialectic, and rhetoric. These were originally distinguished as much by the object of their study as by their varying concerns: logic dealt with reasoning, dialectic with discussion, and rhetoric with the making of speeches.]
[In the introduction to their collection on Argumentation and Language, Oswald et al. cite three categories of research examining relations between linguistics and argumentation: the descriptive, explanatory, and semantic perspectives.]
[The concept of fallacy is of such fundamental importance to the assessment of arguments because it presupposes that the errors made within them are to some degree generalizable. Without fallacies, we have only individual arguments which have gone wrong, even though they may have perfectly...
[I turn now to the relationship between my conception of fallacies of expression and some views on fallacies of language which have been described in the literature.]
[In the preceding chapters, the assertion has been made more than once that fallacies of language are a particular vulnerability at the highest levels of argumentational discourse. Even those who are determined to be rational and have a strong understanding of the laws of inference; those who...
[The preceding chapters have covered a great deal of ground in their attempts to explore how language and argument are related. It was inevitable that in order to properly understand that relation, arguments themselves and the process, or processes, of argumentation in which they are employed...
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