1 - 10 of 31 Chapters
[If we study the history of science we see produced two phenomena which are, so to speak, each the inverse of the other. Sometimes it is simplicity which is hidden under what is apparently complex; sometimes, on the contrary, it is simplicity which is apparent, and which conceals extremely...
[In this book we have collected a group of scientists and a set of scientific topics most of which are outside the mainstream of popular science. We have chosen those arguments since they are fundamental elements of knowledge for a large part of modern science even though they are not very much...
[Surely nowadays nobody doubts about the existence of atoms and that they are the basic building blocks of ordinary matter, this is now a part of the basic scientific knowledge.]
[Usually it is assumed that the research activity of the hard sciences (such as physics and chemistry) is based on three pillars, namely, theory and experiments (which are the traditional ones, say since Galilei) to which during the twentieth century it has been added the use of numerical...
[Ludwig E. Boltzmann (1844–1906) was born in Vienna on February 20, the night between Carnival Tuesday and Ash Wednesday; he used to say, jokingly, that was the origin of his changes of mood, which swung from moments of sheer enthusiasm to periods of severe depression.]
[In 1827, the Scottish botanist Robert Brown while studying an Australian plant (Clarkia Pulchella) discovered a phenomenon, now called Brownian Motion (BM), which would have played an important role in physics.]
[Since the end of the 1980s the term chaos has become very pop, so to appear also in a blockbuster as Jurassic Park (1993).]
[The words complex and complexity are nowadays commonly used in many branches of science, and not only. Often we can read in popular or technical articles the terms “Complexity theory”, “Complexity Science” or “Science of Complexity”, which do suggest the existence of a well defined research...
[A computer is an electronic device that performs calculations and operations based on precise instructions. One thinks of the computer as a more or less bulky device with keyboard and video attached, but in reality any device capable of performing pre-established operations in an automatic way...
[In the modern scientific terminology, the word determinism is used to denote those systems whose future evolution is determined once the initial state is given. In other terms, a system is considered deterministic when in its evolution there is no room for chance, and there are no random or...
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