1 - 10 of 16 Chapters
[This chapter introduces the theme of the book, which is an understanding of indigenous proto-state or polity formation in the early Spanish contact period in the southern Andes and the sociocultural conditions that shaped a specific type of archaeological record. The historical focus is on the...
[The theoretical background and concepts applied in this study are developed and definitions of states and polities are considered.]
[This chapter presents a synthesis of the early historical period based on the study of archives in Santiago, Chile, and Seville, Spain, which refer to the Purén–Lumaco region during the sixteenth and the early seventeenth centuries. This region was only a part, although a very important one, of...
[The archaeological or cultural material expressions of the historical processes known for south-central Chile are presented. The advantages and disadvantages of the archaeological and historical sources are evaluated, as well as the value of a combined approach to the database.]
[Based on the archives, the type and nature of the Araucanian society of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and the specifics of its social structure, political organization, religious beliefs and practices, and the demographic structure are discussed. Also considered is the standardization...
[Geological sediment cores from the Purén-Lumaco Valley are analyzed for the sedimentological, geochemical, pollen, chironomids, diatoms, and charcoal patterns during the last 26 years.]
[This chapter presents detailed archaeological information, including artifacts, chronology, stratigraphy, function, and meaning, from all excavated mound and domestic sites in the Purén and Lumaco Valley.]
[The archaeobotanical data from the site excavations are studied and compared with regional dietary and economic interpretations for the time period under study. The primary subsistence economy was agriculture.]
[This chapter describes the ceramic and artifact typology defined for all excavated sites. Emphasis is given to the variability and simplicity in style and form during the period of warfare, stress, demographic fragmentation, and intergroup co-residency at some sites.]
[The settlement patterns of the late pre-Hispanic to the early Hispanic period are presented and discussed in the light of the changing demographic patterns during the study period.]
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