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[BiomaterialBiomaterial development has influenced human lives to a large extent by its versatile medical applications and very promising future. The field of biomaterials has been experiencing steady and strong growth as large number of pharmaceutical firms and manufacturer companies are...
[Over the past decade, the use of polymeric materials has increased tremendously. Polymeric materials have found wide applications in bone, vascular, skin, cartilage, and liner regeneration.]
[In the previous chapter, we have discussed the natural biodegradable polymers, which are usually degraded by enzymes. In this chapter, we will discuss the main synthetic polymers generally degraded hydrolytically.]
[In 1895, Lane first introduced metal plates for bone implants. Due to the corrosion-related problems of metals, 18–8 stainless steels were introduced in the 1920s, which attracted the attention of many clinical researchers due to its corrosion-resistant properties. Since 2000, the research...
[The composition flexibility for polymers provides them with their unique characteristics, but their low mechanical strength cannot withstand the stresses required in many applications. The use of biodegradable polymer scaffolds for the regeneration of bones is limited and challenging. These...
[Bioceramics are employed to perform biologically inert roles since 1970, and especially hydroxyapatite has been the most extensively investigated bioceramics due to its excellent interaction with the host tissues. The lattice structure of apatites is quite similar to the bones and therefore...
[The properties of glasses and ceramics shall be guided according to the application so as to improve their in vivo performances. Bioactive glasses have attained wide attention as implant materials, especially for the orthopedic applications. For the implant materials, the mechanical behavior of...
[Usually two techniques are followed for the glass fabrication, i.e., sol-gel and melt-quenching. Melt-quenching provides glasses with high mechanical properties such as enhanced hardness, flexural strength, and fracture toughness. In contrast to this, the sol-gel method endows the glass with...
[Bioactive glasses have shown immense potential in the field of orthopedics and dental applications. Many research articles have been published over years based on the tissue engineering and orthopedic/bone regeneration capabilities of bioactive glasses.]
[The implantation of material inside the human body is based on the material selection and hence can be designed as per the specific requirement. Metallic alloys have found widespread applications in the biomedical engineering and the biocompatibility can be enhanced due to sophistication of...
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