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[The statistical mechanics (at present, the statistical physics), which is considered as a new trend in theoretical physics and is based on the description of involved systems with infinite number of molecules, was created by Maxwell, Boltzmann, and Gibbs. An important constituent of the...
[The description of intense phase changes calls for the solution to the flow problem in the ambient spaces of evaporating (condensing) matter, as described by gas dynamic equations.]
[The knowledge of the laws governing intense evaporation is important for vacuum technologies, exposure of materials to laser radiation, outflow of a coolant on loss of sealing in the protective envelope of an atomic power plant, and for other applications.]
[Knowledge of laws of strong evaporationStrong evaporation is instrumental for the solution of a number of applied problems: the effect of laser radiation on materials (Gusarov and Smurov in Phys. Fluids 14:4242–4255, ), calculation of the parameters of discharge into vacuum of a flashing...
[In recent years, there has been a growing interest in new fundamental and application problems focused on the study of strong phase transitions like evaporation and condensation. Problems of this kind arise in the study of many processes.]
[Nonequilibrium evaporation and condensation are important aspects in numerous fundamental and applied problems.]
[In applications related to the physics of boiling, one has to know the dependence of the bubble growth rate at a heated surface on the thermophysical properties of a liquid and vapor, capillary, viscous, and inertial forces, as well as on the kinetic molecular laws operating at an interface .]
[The phenomenon of gas (vapor) bubbles in a liquid, in spite of the fluctuation character of their nucleation and the short lifetime, has a wide spectrum of manifestations: underwater acoustics, sonoluminescence, ultrasonic diagnostics, decreasing friction by surface nanobubbles, nucleate...
[Modern progress in the nanotechnology, micro- and nano-electronics depends on a detailed analysis of the behavior of the interphase boundary in microscopic objects, and in particular, on the “liquid-gas” interphase boundary.]
[Cooling of a hot surface by dropwise jets is widely useful in various engineering problems: power systems, metallurgy, cryogenic systems space and fire-fighting engineering. Progress in this field is retarded by the lack of a full comprehension of the entire realm of phenomena occurring for an...
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