11 - 20 of 21 Chapters
[In Book XII of the Odyssey, Odysseus tells of his passing through the straits of Scylla and Charybdis on the instructions of Circe the sorceress (Figures 11.1–11.3), and explains how he could sail through the horrendous straits safely.]
[In the ancient Greek religion, Hephaestus (Vulcan) was a god of fire. Initially, he was a deity of Asia Minor and the Aegean islands. He held an important position among the Olympian gods. Hephaestus was the son of Zeus and Hera and was born lame at both his legs. His mother could not bear his...
[Hephaestus, besides his automatic/autonomous devices, was capable of developing much more advanced and complex machines, in fact, even the most evolved device of modern technology: Robots.]
[Odysseus, shipwrecked in Phaeacia, heard of the ships of the Phaeacians for the first time from goddess Athena, who, disguised as peasant girl, informed him of local people and their habits. So, the Phaeacians.]
[This is an introduction to the next three chapters, in which very interesting structures are dealt with, exhibiting impressive similarity with advanced modern structures. These are the shields of Achilles and Ajax, consisting of successive laminates, metallic for the former, of calf’s leather...
[As described in Chapter 4, Achilles, succumbing to the pleas of the Achaeans, facing defeat in his absence, sent his friend Patroclus to fight in his stead, wearing Achilles’ own panoply, to deceive the Trojans and make them think that Achilles himself had returned to battle. However, Patroclus...
[Ajax, son of Telamon, King of Salamis, and, according to Homer, a man of enormous stature and a colossal body, was inferior in strength and bravery only to Achilles (Figure 17.1).]
[Because of their technological interest and the possibility of reconstructing and studying them on the basis of information given in various texts, we will give some further accounts of defensive weaponry in Homer and in antiquity in general. In the following, the shield of Heracles is...
[Doureios Hippos or the Trojan Horse was the huge wooden structure, built by the Achaeans on Odysseus’ suggestion, hiding a number of fully armed select warriors inside. The Greeks, pretending to depart and give up Troy’s siege, left it before the city walls as offering to the gods. The Trojans,...
[Since the middle of the 13th century BCE, colossal defensive walls were protecting the various palaces of the Greek mainland, exhibiting tremendous skill in using huge rocks in the design of complex gates and protection systems of underground water-supply networks. In Tiryns, the walls are...
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