11 - 20 of 20 Chapters
[As a cognitive and emotional process, collective memory draws on the knowledge and experience presented by all individuals, conveying a wide range of complex and subtle emotions. Collective memory is essentially a reconstruction of the past from the present perspective, featured with...
[From 1938 to 1945, most Jewish refugees spent nearly eight years of hard years in China. For a few Jewish refugees who came to China in 1933, they took refuge in China for 12 years. From February 1943 to August 1945, 20,000 Jewish refugees spent the most difficult period in the Ghetto in...
[The study on Jewish refugees in China is an integral part of the study on Jews in China. This chapter will cast light on the development of the study on Jews in China from a broader perspective, with a special focus on Jewish refugees.]
[Before the Holocaust, Jews had a history of dispersion for more than 2000 years. Understanding this history is crucial in studying the Jewish refugees in China during the Holocaust and studying the features of the “Chinese Pattern” of Jewish diaspora. For this purpose, three typical cases of...
[Besides China, other countries also received Jews and gave some support to those who entered their territory. A comparison between China and other countries in terms of their support to Jewish refugees fleeing the Nazis would benefit this research on the characteristics of the China Pattern.]
[In the United States and some European countries, Jewish refugees were housed in shelters, while those in Latin American countries were arranged to engage in farming and mining. On the contrary, almost all Jewish refugees in China lived in big cities which were open, politically liberal, and...
[Unlike predominantly Christian Europe, North America and Latin America, anti-Semitism has never grown within China, a country of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism. Therefore, Jewish refugees in China had never suffered from native anti-Semitism. This chapter focuses on how the Chinese regarded...
[Before the arrival of European Jewish refugees, China had two influential Jewish communities, the Sephardi Jews and the Russian Ashkenazi Jews. This chapter is about the development of the Jewish communities and their support for European Jews fleeing to take refuge in China.]
[European Jewish refugees in China, generally speaking, were well-educated. They had managed to overcome so many challenges and survived the tough years and then succeeded in rebuilding their homeland after the war mainly because of their education background.]
[Unlike Europe, the United States and Latin America, most cities in China that received Jewish refugees were occupied by the Japanese, Hitler’s ally, after 1937, and the situation got worse after December 1941. Although China resembled Nazi-ruled Europe, things were quite different. Japan took a...
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