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In Verbal Behavior Skinner identifies a small number of elementary verbal relations, one of which is the mand. Because its introduction is at first in terms of unlearned motivative variables, and because the mand’s relation to prior controlling events is quite complex, its general significance...
A number of statements prescribe behavior: apothegms, maxims, proverbs, instructions, and so on. These differing guides to conduct present varieties of the dictionary definition of “rules.” The term “rules” thus defines a category of language usage. Such a term, and its derivative,...
An important contribution of radical behavioral science is its analysis of verbal behavior. Slowly but surely an increasing number of efforts verify the propositions explicit or inherent in Skinner’s theory of verbal behavior, or apply his analysis to clinical or educational practice. But both...
Operant laboratory studies were conducted as part of the regular activities of a psychiatric research ward. This report includes only some early data obtained from the ward staff, not the patients. A multiple schedule having alternating fixed-ratio and fixed-interval components permitted...
Skinner’s (1957) analysis of language presents the notion of secondary verbal behavior, some of which is termed “autoclitic.” These kinds of verbal responses are dependent upon primary verbal behavior and are controlled by some feature of the primary verbal relationship (e.g., mand, tact, etc.)....
Skinner (1957) proposed that the mand and the tact differed with respect to their unique antecedents and consequences. The present study examined the specific reinforcement characteristic of the mand, and the nonspecific reinforcement characteristic of the tact. A severely mentally impaired...
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