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Common Mental Disorders and Disability Across Cultures

Common Mental Disorders and Disability Across Cultures Objective. —To examine the impact of common mental illness on functional disability and the cross-cultural consistency of this relationship while controlling for physical illness. A secondary objective was to determine the level of disability associated with specific psychiatric disorders. Design. —A cross-sectional sample selected by two-stage sampling. Setting. —Primary health care facilities in 14 countries covering most major cultures and languages. Patients. —A total of 25916 consecutive attenders of these facilities were screened for psychopathology using the General Health Questionnaire (96% response). Screened patients were sampled from the General Health Questionnaire score strata for the second-stage Composite International Diagnostic Interview administered to 5447 patients (62% response). Main Outcome Measures. —Patient-reported physical disability, number of disability days, and interviewer-rated occupational role functioning. Results. —After controlling for physical disease severity, psychopathology was consistently associated with increased disability. Physical disease severity was an independent, although weaker, contributor to disability. A dose-response relationship was found between severity of mental illness and disability. Disability was most prominent among patients with major depression, panic disorder, generalized anxiety, and neurasthenia; disorder-specific differences were modest after controlling for psychiatric comorbidity. Results were consistent across disability measures and across centers. Conclusions. —The consistent relationship of psychopathology and disability indicates the compelling personal and socioeconomic impact of common mental illnesses across cultures. This suggests the importance of impairments of higher-order human capacities (eg, emotion, motivation, and cognition) as determinants of functional disability. (JAMA. 1994;272:1741-1748) http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png JAMA American Medical Association

Common Mental Disorders and Disability Across Cultures

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References (37)

Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1994 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.
ISSN
0098-7484
eISSN
1538-3598
DOI
10.1001/jama.1994.03520220035028
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Objective. —To examine the impact of common mental illness on functional disability and the cross-cultural consistency of this relationship while controlling for physical illness. A secondary objective was to determine the level of disability associated with specific psychiatric disorders. Design. —A cross-sectional sample selected by two-stage sampling. Setting. —Primary health care facilities in 14 countries covering most major cultures and languages. Patients. —A total of 25916 consecutive attenders of these facilities were screened for psychopathology using the General Health Questionnaire (96% response). Screened patients were sampled from the General Health Questionnaire score strata for the second-stage Composite International Diagnostic Interview administered to 5447 patients (62% response). Main Outcome Measures. —Patient-reported physical disability, number of disability days, and interviewer-rated occupational role functioning. Results. —After controlling for physical disease severity, psychopathology was consistently associated with increased disability. Physical disease severity was an independent, although weaker, contributor to disability. A dose-response relationship was found between severity of mental illness and disability. Disability was most prominent among patients with major depression, panic disorder, generalized anxiety, and neurasthenia; disorder-specific differences were modest after controlling for psychiatric comorbidity. Results were consistent across disability measures and across centers. Conclusions. —The consistent relationship of psychopathology and disability indicates the compelling personal and socioeconomic impact of common mental illnesses across cultures. This suggests the importance of impairments of higher-order human capacities (eg, emotion, motivation, and cognition) as determinants of functional disability. (JAMA. 1994;272:1741-1748)

Journal

JAMAAmerican Medical Association

Published: Dec 14, 1994

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