Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Subscribe now for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Probability of second law violations in shearing steady states

Probability of second law violations in shearing steady states We propose a new definition of natural invariant measure for trajectory segments of finite duration for a many-particle system. On this basis we give an expression for the probability of fluctuations in the shear stress of a fluid in a nonequilibrium steady state far from equilibrium. In particular we obtain a formula for the ratio that, for a finite time, the shear stress reverse sign, violating the second law of thermodynamics. Computer simulations support this formula. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review Letters American Physical Society (APS)

Probability of second law violations in shearing steady states

Physical Review Letters , Volume 71 (15) – Oct 11, 1993
4 pages

Loading next page...
 
/lp/american-physical-society-aps/probability-of-second-law-violations-in-shearing-steady-states-AxCAH0L6TQ

References (3)

Publisher
American Physical Society (APS)
Copyright
Copyright © 1993 The American Physical Society
ISSN
1079-7114
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevLett.71.2401
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We propose a new definition of natural invariant measure for trajectory segments of finite duration for a many-particle system. On this basis we give an expression for the probability of fluctuations in the shear stress of a fluid in a nonequilibrium steady state far from equilibrium. In particular we obtain a formula for the ratio that, for a finite time, the shear stress reverse sign, violating the second law of thermodynamics. Computer simulations support this formula.

Journal

Physical Review LettersAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Oct 11, 1993

There are no references for this article.