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Actuarial Risk Assessment in Sexually Motivated Intimate-Partner Violence

Actuarial Risk Assessment in Sexually Motivated Intimate-Partner Violence The present study is the first independent cross-validation of the Ontario Domestic Assault Risk Assessment (ODARA) and the Domestic Violence Risk Appraisal Guide (DVRAG) using an incarcerated high-risk sample (N = 66) of offenders released from the Austrian Prison System who have committed at least one sexually motivated offense against their actual or former intimate partners. The mean follow-up period was approximately 55 months. Both instruments showed evidence for their reliability and predictive accuracy, supporting the cross-cultural transferability of these risk assessment instruments. For the prediction of domestic violence recidivism, ODARA and DVRAG yield good predictive accuracy (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, AUC = .71), and for general criminal and general violent recidivism, both instruments exhibit moderate effect sizes (AUC = .66–.71). Also, the results provide evidence for the discriminant validity of the ODARA. When examining the association between individual ODARA items and recidivism, only a few items were found to be related to domestic violence recidivism. The integration of the Psychopathy Checklist–Revised (PCL-R) does not add any incremental predictive accuracy to the ODARA, suggesting that ODARA items capture antisocial and psychopathic traits sufficiently even in incarcerated high-risk offenders. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Law and Human Behavior American Psychological Association

Actuarial Risk Assessment in Sexually Motivated Intimate-Partner Violence

Law and Human Behavior , Volume 37 (2): 12 – Apr 30, 2013

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References (58)

Publisher
American Psychological Association
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 American Psychological Association
ISSN
0147-7307
eISSN
1573-661X
DOI
10.1037/b0000001
pmid
22545581
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The present study is the first independent cross-validation of the Ontario Domestic Assault Risk Assessment (ODARA) and the Domestic Violence Risk Appraisal Guide (DVRAG) using an incarcerated high-risk sample (N = 66) of offenders released from the Austrian Prison System who have committed at least one sexually motivated offense against their actual or former intimate partners. The mean follow-up period was approximately 55 months. Both instruments showed evidence for their reliability and predictive accuracy, supporting the cross-cultural transferability of these risk assessment instruments. For the prediction of domestic violence recidivism, ODARA and DVRAG yield good predictive accuracy (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, AUC = .71), and for general criminal and general violent recidivism, both instruments exhibit moderate effect sizes (AUC = .66–.71). Also, the results provide evidence for the discriminant validity of the ODARA. When examining the association between individual ODARA items and recidivism, only a few items were found to be related to domestic violence recidivism. The integration of the Psychopathy Checklist–Revised (PCL-R) does not add any incremental predictive accuracy to the ODARA, suggesting that ODARA items capture antisocial and psychopathic traits sufficiently even in incarcerated high-risk offenders.

Journal

Law and Human BehaviorAmerican Psychological Association

Published: Apr 30, 2013

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