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Intrinsic and Extrinsic Religiousness: Review and Meta-Analysis

Intrinsic and Extrinsic Religiousness: Review and Meta-Analysis The major findings of this meta-analytic review concerning intrinsic and extrinsic religiousness are these: (a) Samples consisting of respondents with conservative theological orientations seem more likely to display a negative correlation between intrinsic and extrinsic religiousness than do others. (b) Extrinsic religiousness tends to be positively correlated with negatively evaluated characteristics, and uncorrelated with measures of religious belief and commitment. (c) Intrinsic religiousness tends to be uncorrelated with negatively evaluated characteristics, and positively correlated with measures of religiousness. (d) A fourfold typology based on median splits of the two scales is of little use when the dependent variable is religious in nature, but with various nonreligious variables produces results that may correspond to findings of curvilinearity observed with other measures of religiousness. Recommendations concerning the use of the intrinsic and extrinsic scales in future research are made. The article concludes with a review of recent conceptual developments by Batson (1976) and Hood (1978). http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Personality and Social Psychology American Psychological Association

Intrinsic and Extrinsic Religiousness: Review and Meta-Analysis

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References (107)

Publisher
American Psychological Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1985 American Psychological Association
ISSN
0022-3514
eISSN
1939-1315
DOI
10.1037/0022-3514.48.2.400
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The major findings of this meta-analytic review concerning intrinsic and extrinsic religiousness are these: (a) Samples consisting of respondents with conservative theological orientations seem more likely to display a negative correlation between intrinsic and extrinsic religiousness than do others. (b) Extrinsic religiousness tends to be positively correlated with negatively evaluated characteristics, and uncorrelated with measures of religious belief and commitment. (c) Intrinsic religiousness tends to be uncorrelated with negatively evaluated characteristics, and positively correlated with measures of religiousness. (d) A fourfold typology based on median splits of the two scales is of little use when the dependent variable is religious in nature, but with various nonreligious variables produces results that may correspond to findings of curvilinearity observed with other measures of religiousness. Recommendations concerning the use of the intrinsic and extrinsic scales in future research are made. The article concludes with a review of recent conceptual developments by Batson (1976) and Hood (1978).

Journal

Journal of Personality and Social PsychologyAmerican Psychological Association

Published: Feb 1, 1985

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