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Resources and Life-Management Strategies as Determinants of Successful Aging: On the Protective Effect of Selection, Optimization, and Compensation

Resources and Life-Management Strategies as Determinants of Successful Aging: On the Protective... In this research, the authors investigated the specific and shared impact of personal resources and selection, optimization, and compensation (SOC) life-management strategies (A. M. Freund & P. B. Baltes, 2002) on subjective well-being. Life-management strategies were expected to be most relevant when resources were constrained, particularly in very old age. In Study 1 (N = 156, 71–91 years), age-differential predictive patterns supported this assumption: Young-old individuals' well-being was predicted independently by resources and SOC, whereas SOC buffered the effect of restricted resources in old-old individuals. Study 2 replicated the findings longitudinally with resource-poor and resource-rich older individuals (N = 42). In both studies, specific SOC strategies were differentially adaptive. Results confirm that resources are important determinants of well-being but that life-management strategies have a considerable protective effect with limited resources. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Psychology and Aging American Psychological Association

Resources and Life-Management Strategies as Determinants of Successful Aging: On the Protective Effect of Selection, Optimization, and Compensation

Psychology and Aging , Volume 21 (2): 13 – Jun 1, 2006

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Publisher
American Psychological Association
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 American Psychological Association
ISSN
0882-7974
eISSN
1939-1498
DOI
10.1037/0882-7974.21.2.253
pmid
16768573
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In this research, the authors investigated the specific and shared impact of personal resources and selection, optimization, and compensation (SOC) life-management strategies (A. M. Freund & P. B. Baltes, 2002) on subjective well-being. Life-management strategies were expected to be most relevant when resources were constrained, particularly in very old age. In Study 1 (N = 156, 71–91 years), age-differential predictive patterns supported this assumption: Young-old individuals' well-being was predicted independently by resources and SOC, whereas SOC buffered the effect of restricted resources in old-old individuals. Study 2 replicated the findings longitudinally with resource-poor and resource-rich older individuals (N = 42). In both studies, specific SOC strategies were differentially adaptive. Results confirm that resources are important determinants of well-being but that life-management strategies have a considerable protective effect with limited resources.

Journal

Psychology and AgingAmerican Psychological Association

Published: Jun 1, 2006

References