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Toward an interactional psychology of personality

Toward an interactional psychology of personality Four basic models in personality research (trait psychology, psychodynamics, situationism, and interactionsim) are reviewed and compared with respect to (a) types of laws sought, (b) determinants of behavior, (c) units of analysis, (d) the consistency vs specificity issue, (e) ontogenetic development of behavior, and (f) research strategies and populations sampled. An analysis of the controversy between the trait model and the interactional model suggests that the trait model is limited as a basis for use in description and prediction of behavior and as a general basis for personality research. Empirical results support an interactional view of behavior, in which actual behavior is determined by a continuous and multidirectional interaction between person variables and situation variables. The issues and research on situational determinants of behavior are reviewed, and the need for more systematic psychological studies of situations is stressed. Major features of the interactional model of personality are discussed, and the necessity of developing methods for investigating continuous interaction processes is emphasized. (3 p ref) http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Psychological Bulletin American Psychological Association

Toward an interactional psychology of personality

Psychological Bulletin , Volume 83 (5): 19 – Sep 1, 1976

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Publisher
American Psychological Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1976 American Psychological Association
ISSN
0033-2909
eISSN
1939-1455
DOI
10.1037/0033-2909.83.5.956
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Four basic models in personality research (trait psychology, psychodynamics, situationism, and interactionsim) are reviewed and compared with respect to (a) types of laws sought, (b) determinants of behavior, (c) units of analysis, (d) the consistency vs specificity issue, (e) ontogenetic development of behavior, and (f) research strategies and populations sampled. An analysis of the controversy between the trait model and the interactional model suggests that the trait model is limited as a basis for use in description and prediction of behavior and as a general basis for personality research. Empirical results support an interactional view of behavior, in which actual behavior is determined by a continuous and multidirectional interaction between person variables and situation variables. The issues and research on situational determinants of behavior are reviewed, and the need for more systematic psychological studies of situations is stressed. Major features of the interactional model of personality are discussed, and the necessity of developing methods for investigating continuous interaction processes is emphasized. (3 p ref)

Journal

Psychological BulletinAmerican Psychological Association

Published: Sep 1, 1976

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