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Examining Positive and Negative Perceptions of Older Workers: A Meta-Analysis

Examining Positive and Negative Perceptions of Older Workers: A Meta-Analysis Objective.This article presents an updated meta-analysis of field and laboratory studies that examine the influence of age on a number of evaluative workplace outcomes (advancement, selection, general evaluations, interpersonal skills, and reliability).Method.A random effects meta-analytic procedure was used.Results.In line with the perspective that perceptions of older workers are multidimensional, the observed meta-analytic correlations indicate that age has medium-sized negative effects on majority of the outcomes investigated (radvancement .21, rselection .30, rgeneral evaluations .24, and rinterpersonal skills .23, and a medium-sized positive effect on perceptions of reliability (rreliability .31). Additionally, evidence of moderation by study design for the selection outcome is presented, such that within-subjects designs elicit stronger effects of age than between-subjects designs.Discussion.The present study demonstrates that it is likely that older workers are not viewed entirely negatively or entirely positively in the workplace; rather, the perceptions of older workers are more are varied, and even positive in some cases. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences Oxford University Press

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References (96)

Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Subject
Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences
ISSN
1079-5014
eISSN
1758-5368
DOI
10.1093/geronb/gbr056
pmid
21719634
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Objective.This article presents an updated meta-analysis of field and laboratory studies that examine the influence of age on a number of evaluative workplace outcomes (advancement, selection, general evaluations, interpersonal skills, and reliability).Method.A random effects meta-analytic procedure was used.Results.In line with the perspective that perceptions of older workers are multidimensional, the observed meta-analytic correlations indicate that age has medium-sized negative effects on majority of the outcomes investigated (radvancement .21, rselection .30, rgeneral evaluations .24, and rinterpersonal skills .23, and a medium-sized positive effect on perceptions of reliability (rreliability .31). Additionally, evidence of moderation by study design for the selection outcome is presented, such that within-subjects designs elicit stronger effects of age than between-subjects designs.Discussion.The present study demonstrates that it is likely that older workers are not viewed entirely negatively or entirely positively in the workplace; rather, the perceptions of older workers are more are varied, and even positive in some cases.

Journal

The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social SciencesOxford University Press

Published: Nov 30, 2011

Keywords: Employment and older workers Perception Social cognition

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