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Measuring Psychological Well-Being: Insights From Thai Elders

Measuring Psychological Well-Being: Insights From Thai Elders Purpose: Psychological well-being, an important indicator of successful aging, may be conceptualized quite differently across cultures. Using a mixed-methods approach, we developed a measure of psychological well-being based on the indigenous expertise of Thai elders. Design and Methods: Data were collected from older people in Thailand in four stages with staggered qualitative and quantitative methods: individual and focus group interviews ( n = 67); a preliminary survey ( n = 477); cognitive interviews ( n = 30); and a second survey ( n = 460). We analyzed the resulting psychological well-being items to identify their underlying factor structure and psychometric properties. Results: Confirmatory factor analysis suggested that psychological well-being has two components: intrapersonal and interpersonal. The subscales for this measure have adequate reliability and validity. Implications: This research provides evidence for cultural variability in the nature of psychological well-being and highlights the importance of developing measures that are culturally relevant. Key words http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Gerontologist Oxford University Press

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References (50)

Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 The Gerontological Society of America
ISSN
0016-9013
eISSN
1758-5341
DOI
10.1093/geront/44.5.596
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose: Psychological well-being, an important indicator of successful aging, may be conceptualized quite differently across cultures. Using a mixed-methods approach, we developed a measure of psychological well-being based on the indigenous expertise of Thai elders. Design and Methods: Data were collected from older people in Thailand in four stages with staggered qualitative and quantitative methods: individual and focus group interviews ( n = 67); a preliminary survey ( n = 477); cognitive interviews ( n = 30); and a second survey ( n = 460). We analyzed the resulting psychological well-being items to identify their underlying factor structure and psychometric properties. Results: Confirmatory factor analysis suggested that psychological well-being has two components: intrapersonal and interpersonal. The subscales for this measure have adequate reliability and validity. Implications: This research provides evidence for cultural variability in the nature of psychological well-being and highlights the importance of developing measures that are culturally relevant. Key words

Journal

The GerontologistOxford University Press

Published: Oct 1, 2004

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