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Albanian Return-migrants from Greece and Italy

Albanian Return-migrants from Greece and Italy The paper focuses on two of the most important challenges that contemporary Albaniahas to face: emigration, which has divested the country of about one-fifth of itspopulation, and internal migration, resulting in unprecedented spatial disparitiesdevastating most of the country, particularly rural areas, and substantiallyincreasing the population of Tirana and to a lesser extent Durres.This paperspecifically addresses the issue of how emigration and internal migration areinterrelated; in particular, whether returning Albanian emigrants from the principaldestination countries (i.e. Greece and Italy) exacerbate spatial disparities. Thepaper is based on the empirical findings of a questionnaire survey of 324respondents conducted in Albania in early 2002 as well as more recent fieldworkconducted in 2004 with more qualitative questionnaires addressed to 39 recentmigrants to Tirana. Our empirical findings support the idea that return migrationdoes not exacerbate recently increased spatial disparities within the country, thusplacing a further burden on the development trajectory of the country. At most, onemight argue that returning migrants, bringing back money with them or having sentback remittances beforehand, may facilitate an ongoing process of internal migrationstemming from more fundamental causes such as a search for more job and businessopportunities and a better quality of life. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Urban and Regional Studies SAGE

Albanian Return-migrants from Greece and Italy

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References (21)

Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
Copyright © by SAGE Publications
ISSN
0969-7764
eISSN
1461-7145
DOI
10.1177/0969776406060828
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The paper focuses on two of the most important challenges that contemporary Albaniahas to face: emigration, which has divested the country of about one-fifth of itspopulation, and internal migration, resulting in unprecedented spatial disparitiesdevastating most of the country, particularly rural areas, and substantiallyincreasing the population of Tirana and to a lesser extent Durres.This paperspecifically addresses the issue of how emigration and internal migration areinterrelated; in particular, whether returning Albanian emigrants from the principaldestination countries (i.e. Greece and Italy) exacerbate spatial disparities. Thepaper is based on the empirical findings of a questionnaire survey of 324respondents conducted in Albania in early 2002 as well as more recent fieldworkconducted in 2004 with more qualitative questionnaires addressed to 39 recentmigrants to Tirana. Our empirical findings support the idea that return migrationdoes not exacerbate recently increased spatial disparities within the country, thusplacing a further burden on the development trajectory of the country. At most, onemight argue that returning migrants, bringing back money with them or having sentback remittances beforehand, may facilitate an ongoing process of internal migrationstemming from more fundamental causes such as a search for more job and businessopportunities and a better quality of life.

Journal

European Urban and Regional StudiesSAGE

Published: Jan 1, 2006

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