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Social Versus Individual Motivation: Implications for Normative Definitions of Religious Orientation

Social Versus Individual Motivation: Implications for Normative Definitions of Religious Orientation The traditional interpretation of “intrinsic” religiousness has fostered an unchallenged assumption that normative and substantive religious motivation is inherently individual and personal. Social motives for religiousness and structured practices have been characterized as “extrinsic” and as lacking in formative significance. We argue that this view is most applicable in American Protestant religions, and hence existing religious motivation scales reflect a distinctly American Protestant view. We then show that social motives and structured ritual practices are, in fact, as normative as individual motivations in several religious traditions. In particular, we describe the social practices and motives normative for Judaism and certain streams of Christianity. We then discuss the potential relevance of this analysis to emotion, collective identity, and moral judgment. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Personality and Social Psychology Review SAGE

Social Versus Individual Motivation: Implications for Normative Definitions of Religious Orientation

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References (85)

Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
Copyright © by SAGE Publications
ISSN
1088-8683
eISSN
1532-7957
DOI
10.1207/s15327957pspr0901_4
pmid
15745864
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The traditional interpretation of “intrinsic” religiousness has fostered an unchallenged assumption that normative and substantive religious motivation is inherently individual and personal. Social motives for religiousness and structured practices have been characterized as “extrinsic” and as lacking in formative significance. We argue that this view is most applicable in American Protestant religions, and hence existing religious motivation scales reflect a distinctly American Protestant view. We then show that social motives and structured ritual practices are, in fact, as normative as individual motivations in several religious traditions. In particular, we describe the social practices and motives normative for Judaism and certain streams of Christianity. We then discuss the potential relevance of this analysis to emotion, collective identity, and moral judgment.

Journal

Personality and Social Psychology ReviewSAGE

Published: Feb 1, 2005

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