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Specifying the Role of Exposure to Violence and Violent Behavior on Initiation of Gun Carrying

Specifying the Role of Exposure to Violence and Violent Behavior on Initiation of Gun Carrying Two waves of longitudinal data from 1,049 African American youth living in extreme poverty are used to examine the impact of exposure to violence (Time 1) and violent behavior (Time 1) on first time gun carrying (Time 2). Multivariate logistic regression results indicate that (a) violent behavior (Time 1) increased the likelihood of initiation of gun carrying (Time 2) by 76% after controlling for exposure to violence at Time 1, which is consistent with the stepping stone model of youth gun carrying, and (b) youth who were both exposed to violence at Time 1 and engaged in violent behavior at Time 1 were more than 2.5 times more likely to initiate gun carrying at Time 2 compared to youth who had neither of these characteristics, which supports the cumulative risk model of youth gun carrying. The authors discuss the implications of these findings in clarifying the role of violence in the community on youth gun carrying and the primary prevention of youth gun violence. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Interpersonal Violence SAGE

Specifying the Role of Exposure to Violence and Violent Behavior on Initiation of Gun Carrying

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References (38)

Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
© SAGE Publications 2012
ISSN
0886-2605
eISSN
1552-6518
DOI
10.1177/0886260511416471
pmid
21859763
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Two waves of longitudinal data from 1,049 African American youth living in extreme poverty are used to examine the impact of exposure to violence (Time 1) and violent behavior (Time 1) on first time gun carrying (Time 2). Multivariate logistic regression results indicate that (a) violent behavior (Time 1) increased the likelihood of initiation of gun carrying (Time 2) by 76% after controlling for exposure to violence at Time 1, which is consistent with the stepping stone model of youth gun carrying, and (b) youth who were both exposed to violence at Time 1 and engaged in violent behavior at Time 1 were more than 2.5 times more likely to initiate gun carrying at Time 2 compared to youth who had neither of these characteristics, which supports the cumulative risk model of youth gun carrying. The authors discuss the implications of these findings in clarifying the role of violence in the community on youth gun carrying and the primary prevention of youth gun violence.

Journal

Journal of Interpersonal ViolenceSAGE

Published: Jan 1, 2012

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