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The Third Force

The Third Force Journal of Asian and African Studies Copyright © 2006 SAGE Publications www.sagepublications.com (London, Thousand Oaks, S’bu Zikode and New Delhi) Durban, South Africa Vol 41(1/2): 185–189 DOI: 10.1177/0021909606062177 Editorial Note ‘The Third Force’ is a response by S’bu Zikode, elected leader of the Abahlali baseMjondolo (shack dwellers’) movement, to the accusation that the shack dweller’s movement is part of the surreptitious force, which is attempting to undermine the ANC government. The term Third Force, first coined by Nelson Mandela in 1990, referred to organized, covert, death squads which were backed by members of the security force, and became synonymous with clandestine state-sponsored violence. It was believed that a ‘Third Force’ was behind much of the violence between 1990 and 1994 that resulted in the death of over 14,000 South Africans. Some of the bloodiest violence took place in KwaZulu- Natal where secret (police) elements of the apartheid state encouraged and provided logistical support for Inkatha’s battle with ANC linked civics. Though the stark reality of a force covertly sponsored by the apartheid regime emerged during the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, its afterlife has been promoted by media and politicians as an almost indefin- able threat to the new political http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Asian and African Studies SAGE

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Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
Copyright © by SAGE Publications
ISSN
0021-9096
eISSN
1745-2538
DOI
10.1177/0021909606062177
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Journal of Asian and African Studies Copyright © 2006 SAGE Publications www.sagepublications.com (London, Thousand Oaks, S’bu Zikode and New Delhi) Durban, South Africa Vol 41(1/2): 185–189 DOI: 10.1177/0021909606062177 Editorial Note ‘The Third Force’ is a response by S’bu Zikode, elected leader of the Abahlali baseMjondolo (shack dwellers’) movement, to the accusation that the shack dweller’s movement is part of the surreptitious force, which is attempting to undermine the ANC government. The term Third Force, first coined by Nelson Mandela in 1990, referred to organized, covert, death squads which were backed by members of the security force, and became synonymous with clandestine state-sponsored violence. It was believed that a ‘Third Force’ was behind much of the violence between 1990 and 1994 that resulted in the death of over 14,000 South Africans. Some of the bloodiest violence took place in KwaZulu- Natal where secret (police) elements of the apartheid state encouraged and provided logistical support for Inkatha’s battle with ANC linked civics. Though the stark reality of a force covertly sponsored by the apartheid regime emerged during the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, its afterlife has been promoted by media and politicians as an almost indefin- able threat to the new political

Journal

Journal of Asian and African StudiesSAGE

Published: Apr 1, 2006

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