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Work as a Turning Point in the Life Course of Criminals: A Duration Model of Age, Employment, and Recidivism

Work as a Turning Point in the Life Course of Criminals: A Duration Model of Age, Employment, and... Sociologists have increasingly emphasized “turningpoints” in explaining behavioral change over the life course. Is work a turning point in the life course of criminal offenders? If criminals are provided with jobs, are they likely to stop committing crimes? Prior research is inconclusive because work effects have been biased by selectivity and obscured by the interaction of age and employment. This study yields more refined estimates by specifying event history models to analyze assignment to, eligibility for, and current participation in a national work experiment for criminal offenders. Age is found to interact with employment to affect the rate of self-reported recidivism: Those aged 27 or older are less likely to report crime and arrest when provided with marginal employment opportunities than when such opportunities are not provided. Among young participants, those in their teens and early twenties, the experimental job treatment had little effect on crime. Work thus appears to be a turning point for older, but not younger, offenders. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png American Sociological Review SAGE

Work as a Turning Point in the Life Course of Criminals: A Duration Model of Age, Employment, and Recidivism

American Sociological Review , Volume 65 (4): 18 – Aug 1, 2000

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References (73)

Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
© 2000 American Sociological Association
ISSN
0003-1224
eISSN
1939-8271
DOI
10.1177/000312240006500403
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Sociologists have increasingly emphasized “turningpoints” in explaining behavioral change over the life course. Is work a turning point in the life course of criminal offenders? If criminals are provided with jobs, are they likely to stop committing crimes? Prior research is inconclusive because work effects have been biased by selectivity and obscured by the interaction of age and employment. This study yields more refined estimates by specifying event history models to analyze assignment to, eligibility for, and current participation in a national work experiment for criminal offenders. Age is found to interact with employment to affect the rate of self-reported recidivism: Those aged 27 or older are less likely to report crime and arrest when provided with marginal employment opportunities than when such opportunities are not provided. Among young participants, those in their teens and early twenties, the experimental job treatment had little effect on crime. Work thus appears to be a turning point for older, but not younger, offenders.

Journal

American Sociological ReviewSAGE

Published: Aug 1, 2000

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