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A Review of Prompt-Fading Procedures: Implications for Effective and Efficient Skill Acquisition

A Review of Prompt-Fading Procedures: Implications for Effective and Efficient Skill Acquisition This paper reports a systematic review of prompt-fading research, with a focus on experiments comparing two or more prompt-fading procedures. Forty-five articles with 46 experiments met the operationally-defined inclusion criteria. For the selected articles, data on several variables were extracted and analyzed. Research demonstrated that all prompt-fading procedures were generally effective in promoting acquisition of behavior. Stimulus prompting was more effective and efficient when compared to response-prompting procedures. Comparisons of response-prompting procedures yielded variable efficiency results. These outcomes are discussed in terms of the behavioral principles that facilitate transfer of stimulus control from the prompt to the discriminative stimulus, such as blocking and overshadowing. Basic investigations of the role of these behavioral principles might help develop prompt-fading procedures that are consistently effective across participants. Implications for research include suggestions for the development of individualized assessments of stimulus control, similar to the functional analysis methodology. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities Springer Journals

A Review of Prompt-Fading Procedures: Implications for Effective and Efficient Skill Acquisition

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References (68)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Psychology; Child and School Psychology; Public Health; Pediatrics
ISSN
1056-263X
eISSN
1573-3580
DOI
10.1007/s10882-017-9575-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This paper reports a systematic review of prompt-fading research, with a focus on experiments comparing two or more prompt-fading procedures. Forty-five articles with 46 experiments met the operationally-defined inclusion criteria. For the selected articles, data on several variables were extracted and analyzed. Research demonstrated that all prompt-fading procedures were generally effective in promoting acquisition of behavior. Stimulus prompting was more effective and efficient when compared to response-prompting procedures. Comparisons of response-prompting procedures yielded variable efficiency results. These outcomes are discussed in terms of the behavioral principles that facilitate transfer of stimulus control from the prompt to the discriminative stimulus, such as blocking and overshadowing. Basic investigations of the role of these behavioral principles might help develop prompt-fading procedures that are consistently effective across participants. Implications for research include suggestions for the development of individualized assessments of stimulus control, similar to the functional analysis methodology.

Journal

Journal of Developmental and Physical DisabilitiesSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 23, 2017

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