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Annual Report on Urban Development of China 2013Approach to and Suggestions for Further Reform of the Hukou System

Annual Report on Urban Development of China 2013: Approach to and Suggestions for Further Reform... [The hukou system has been around in one form or another for more than 2,000 years in China. Hukous were originally linked to people’s duties. In addition to the function of population registration and its management, hukous has also been a means for social control, in that the system facilitated tax collection and military recruitment by the rulers. Eligibility for the keju (imperial examinations) was the only right afforded by hukou registration, from the Sui Dynasty onward. After the People’s Republic of China was founded, hukous were further categorized into rural and urban areas on the basis of the original division by regions. Used to tightly control human migration, the hukou system has resulted in an arbitrary separation between urban and rural societies in China. In addition to facilitating population registration and management, hukous are now increasingly linked with the issues of equal rights and benefits, as there are inequalities between people with urban and rural hukous. Since the period when China began reform and opening up, the hukou system has become a population management system that allocates rights in a discriminatory manner. Such a system has become a growing obstacle to socioeconomic development in the current period of rapid urbanization, as it hinders the citizenization of rural migrant workers. This Report will suggest ideas and propose recommendations for furthering reform of the hukou system, on the basis of a review of its original formation and subsequent stages of reform in the People’s Republic of China.] http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

Annual Report on Urban Development of China 2013Approach to and Suggestions for Further Reform of the Hukou System

Editors: Pan, Jiahua; Wei, Houkai

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
© Social Sciences Academic Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015
ISBN
978-3-662-46323-9
Pages
163 –194
DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-46324-6_7
Publisher site
See Chapter on Publisher Site

Abstract

[The hukou system has been around in one form or another for more than 2,000 years in China. Hukous were originally linked to people’s duties. In addition to the function of population registration and its management, hukous has also been a means for social control, in that the system facilitated tax collection and military recruitment by the rulers. Eligibility for the keju (imperial examinations) was the only right afforded by hukou registration, from the Sui Dynasty onward. After the People’s Republic of China was founded, hukous were further categorized into rural and urban areas on the basis of the original division by regions. Used to tightly control human migration, the hukou system has resulted in an arbitrary separation between urban and rural societies in China. In addition to facilitating population registration and management, hukous are now increasingly linked with the issues of equal rights and benefits, as there are inequalities between people with urban and rural hukous. Since the period when China began reform and opening up, the hukou system has become a population management system that allocates rights in a discriminatory manner. Such a system has become a growing obstacle to socioeconomic development in the current period of rapid urbanization, as it hinders the citizenization of rural migrant workers. This Report will suggest ideas and propose recommendations for furthering reform of the hukou system, on the basis of a review of its original formation and subsequent stages of reform in the People’s Republic of China.]

Published: Dec 31, 2014

Keywords: Local Government; Migrant Worker; Residence Permit; Family Planning Policy; Hukou System

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