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Citation Classics from Social Indicators ResearchThe Analysis and Measurement of Happiness as a Sense of Well-Being

Citation Classics from Social Indicators Research: The Analysis and Measurement of Happiness as a... [General happiness is philosophically construed as a sense of well-being which in turn has been defined either as a complete and lasting satisfaction with life-as-a-whole or as a preponderance of positive over negative feelings. A factor analysis of thirteen well-being scales shows that these two definitions coalesce into a single general well-being factor which is distinguishable only from an independent stress/worries factor. Further evidence shows that familiar scales of neuroticism, depression and trait anxiety measure the same well-being dimension if only in the negative half-range. So does a list of somatic complaints. Various two-factor models of well-being that treat positive and negative affect as independent processes, or that distinguish between affective and cognitive components, are challenged on the grounds that they depend on the properties of Bradburn’s affect scales which are found to be highly dependent on methodological parameters. Attention is drawn here to the role of test method effects and curvilinearities as factors influencing inter-scale correlations and structural models. It is concluded that well-being is a robust, primary dimension of human experience and that happiness research is alive and well in psychology.] http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

Citation Classics from Social Indicators ResearchThe Analysis and Measurement of Happiness as a Sense of Well-Being

Part of the Social Indicators Research Series Book Series (volume 26)
Editors: Michalos, Alex C.

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References (22)

Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
© Springer 2005
ISBN
978-1-4020-3722-1
Pages
279 –303
DOI
10.1007/1-4020-3742-2_12
Publisher site
See Chapter on Publisher Site

Abstract

[General happiness is philosophically construed as a sense of well-being which in turn has been defined either as a complete and lasting satisfaction with life-as-a-whole or as a preponderance of positive over negative feelings. A factor analysis of thirteen well-being scales shows that these two definitions coalesce into a single general well-being factor which is distinguishable only from an independent stress/worries factor. Further evidence shows that familiar scales of neuroticism, depression and trait anxiety measure the same well-being dimension if only in the negative half-range. So does a list of somatic complaints. Various two-factor models of well-being that treat positive and negative affect as independent processes, or that distinguish between affective and cognitive components, are challenged on the grounds that they depend on the properties of Bradburn’s affect scales which are found to be highly dependent on methodological parameters. Attention is drawn here to the role of test method effects and curvilinearities as factors influencing inter-scale correlations and structural models. It is concluded that well-being is a robust, primary dimension of human experience and that happiness research is alive and well in psychology.]

Published: Dec 7, 1983

Keywords: Negative Affect; Positive Affect; Trait Anxiety; Somatic Complaint; Social Indicator Research

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