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Ethics, Aesthetics, and EducationLevinas’s Ethics: A Story of Relationship as Radical Alterity

Ethics, Aesthetics, and Education: Levinas’s Ethics: A Story of Relationship as Radical Alterity [In this chapter Blumenfeld-Jones begins with a summary of normative ethical systems (consequentialism, deontology, virtue ethics, feminism), setting the ground for a Levinasian approach to ethics. Blumenfeld-Jones describes Levinas’s ethics in detail. He begins with Levinas’s form of ethical motivation: the Metaphysical Desire for connection to another and increasing ethical goodness. He then describes Levinas’s phenomenology of self. A person crafts a self by using the world as a resource, translating everything into her/his categories and labels. Levinas terms this an act of totalizing the world. In the act of totality a person discovers that the world does not fully cooperate and escapes the total control of the person. In this moment an other arises who is understood as radically Other (radical alterity). In this moment responsibility for an Other arises and ethics emerges. The Other is seen as infinite and fragile. Levinas characterizes this relationship as the proximity to a neighbor. The person encounters with the face of the Other. Levinas uses a set of fluid, ever-changing dualisms to structure the phenomenology. These dualisms include self/other, totality/infinity, saying/said, expression/action, and sensible/symbol or sign.] http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

Ethics, Aesthetics, and EducationLevinas’s Ethics: A Story of Relationship as Radical Alterity

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References (8)

Publisher
Palgrave Macmillan US
Copyright
© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2016
ISBN
978-1-137-55606-6
Pages
9 –42
DOI
10.1057/978-1-137-55607-3_2
Publisher site
See Chapter on Publisher Site

Abstract

[In this chapter Blumenfeld-Jones begins with a summary of normative ethical systems (consequentialism, deontology, virtue ethics, feminism), setting the ground for a Levinasian approach to ethics. Blumenfeld-Jones describes Levinas’s ethics in detail. He begins with Levinas’s form of ethical motivation: the Metaphysical Desire for connection to another and increasing ethical goodness. He then describes Levinas’s phenomenology of self. A person crafts a self by using the world as a resource, translating everything into her/his categories and labels. Levinas terms this an act of totalizing the world. In the act of totality a person discovers that the world does not fully cooperate and escapes the total control of the person. In this moment an other arises who is understood as radically Other (radical alterity). In this moment responsibility for an Other arises and ethics emerges. The Other is seen as infinite and fragile. Levinas characterizes this relationship as the proximity to a neighbor. The person encounters with the face of the Other. Levinas uses a set of fluid, ever-changing dualisms to structure the phenomenology. These dualisms include self/other, totality/infinity, saying/said, expression/action, and sensible/symbol or sign.]

Published: Aug 25, 2016

Keywords: normative ethics; totalization; metaphysics; radical alterity; neighbor; face

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