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In Foreign Lands: The Migration of Scientists for Political or Economic ReasonsThe Spread of Scientific Knowledge and Technology Transfer: André Coyne (1891–1960) and the Construction of Dams in 20th Century Portugal

In Foreign Lands: The Migration of Scientists for Political or Economic Reasons: The Spread of... [After the World War I, hydroelectricity was definitively recognized as an energy alternative for Portugal, a country with a scarcity of coal. However, the construction of dams required not only large investments, but also very specific and up-to-date knowledge and competencies. On the one hand, this favoured the internationalization of enterprises and foreign investment, while, on the other, it determined the development of research and experimentation in laboratories equipped with state-of-the-art technology and bibliography, study trips abroad, and international collaboration among engineers. Moreover, the construction of dams in Portugal promoted the engineer’s mobility and the transfer of technology, above all, when the great dams began to be constructed in the ‘40s. The professional trajectory of André Coyne, an engineer who had constructed dams in the “four corners of the world”, is a good example of the mobility of experts, which determined his technical competencies and his international recognition.] http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

In Foreign Lands: The Migration of Scientists for Political or Economic ReasonsThe Spread of Scientific Knowledge and Technology Transfer: André Coyne (1891–1960) and the Construction of Dams in 20th Century Portugal

Part of the Trends in the History of Science Book Series
Editors: Borgato, Maria Teresa; Phili, Christine

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2022
ISBN
978-3-030-80248-6
Pages
203 –219
DOI
10.1007/978-3-030-80249-3_9
Publisher site
See Chapter on Publisher Site

Abstract

[After the World War I, hydroelectricity was definitively recognized as an energy alternative for Portugal, a country with a scarcity of coal. However, the construction of dams required not only large investments, but also very specific and up-to-date knowledge and competencies. On the one hand, this favoured the internationalization of enterprises and foreign investment, while, on the other, it determined the development of research and experimentation in laboratories equipped with state-of-the-art technology and bibliography, study trips abroad, and international collaboration among engineers. Moreover, the construction of dams in Portugal promoted the engineer’s mobility and the transfer of technology, above all, when the great dams began to be constructed in the ‘40s. The professional trajectory of André Coyne, an engineer who had constructed dams in the “four corners of the world”, is a good example of the mobility of experts, which determined his technical competencies and his international recognition.]

Published: Apr 14, 2022

Keywords: Engineers; Experts mobility; Dams; Hydroelectricity; Technical knowledge; Technology transfer

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