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Marriage patterns in the Western French Pyrenees during the 1800–1899 period: data from the village of Béost (Ossau Valley, Béarn)

Marriage patterns in the Western French Pyrenees during the 1800–1899 period: data from the... The Western Pyrenees are made up of isolated valleys that were associated until recently with low marriage mobility. We chose to study the Ossau Valley (Béarn, France), which has one of the least mobile populations in this area. Marriage patterns in the village of Béost were analyzed over the 1800-1899 period. Data on 238 marriages obtained from parish, civil and notarial registers were used to assess the following variables: seasonality, endogamy rate, isonymic marriages and the consanguinity coefficient calculated from isonymy and from ecclesiastical dispensations. A clear seasonal marriage pattern emerged, linked to religious and local social parameters. Levels of endogamy were 57.5% in the village and 92.4% in the valley as a whole. The consanguinity coefficients calculated from isonymy (Ft) and ecclesiastical dispensations (α) were 0.0031 and 0.0040 respectively. The negative non-random component of F (Fn) indicated that Béost residents avoided contracting potentially consanguine isonymic marriages. These biodemographic markers were compared to those observed among various other 19th century mountain populations in Western Europe. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Bulletins et Mémoires de la Société d'anthropologie de Paris Springer Journals

Marriage patterns in the Western French Pyrenees during the 1800–1899 period: data from the village of Béost (Ossau Valley, Béarn)

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References (58)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Société d'anthropologie de Paris et Springer-Verlag France
Subject
Life Sciences; Evolutionary Biology; Human Genetics; Demography
ISSN
0037-8984
eISSN
1777-5469
DOI
10.1007/s13219-012-0075-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The Western Pyrenees are made up of isolated valleys that were associated until recently with low marriage mobility. We chose to study the Ossau Valley (Béarn, France), which has one of the least mobile populations in this area. Marriage patterns in the village of Béost were analyzed over the 1800-1899 period. Data on 238 marriages obtained from parish, civil and notarial registers were used to assess the following variables: seasonality, endogamy rate, isonymic marriages and the consanguinity coefficient calculated from isonymy and from ecclesiastical dispensations. A clear seasonal marriage pattern emerged, linked to religious and local social parameters. Levels of endogamy were 57.5% in the village and 92.4% in the valley as a whole. The consanguinity coefficients calculated from isonymy (Ft) and ecclesiastical dispensations (α) were 0.0031 and 0.0040 respectively. The negative non-random component of F (Fn) indicated that Béost residents avoided contracting potentially consanguine isonymic marriages. These biodemographic markers were compared to those observed among various other 19th century mountain populations in Western Europe.

Journal

Bulletins et Mémoires de la Société d'anthropologie de ParisSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 11, 2012

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