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On the Population Dynamics of the Malaria Vector

On the Population Dynamics of the Malaria Vector A deterministic differential equation model for the population dynamics of the human malaria vector is derived and studied. Conditions for the existence and stability of a non-zero steady state vector population density are derived. These reveal that a threshold parameter, the vectorial basic reproduction number, exist and the vector can established itself in the community if and only if this parameter exceeds unity. When a non-zero steady state population density exists, it can be stable but it can also be driven to instability via a Hopf Bifurcation to periodic solutions, as a parameter is varied in parameter space. By considering a special case, an asymptotic perturbation analysis is used to derive the amplitude of the oscillating solutions for the full non-linear system. The present modelling exercise and results show that it is possible to study the population dynamics of disease vectors, and hence oscillatory behaviour as it is often observed in most indirectly transmitted infectious diseases of humans, without recourse to external seasonal forcing. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Bulletin of Mathematical Biology Springer Journals

On the Population Dynamics of the Malaria Vector

Bulletin of Mathematical Biology , Volume 68 (8) – Jun 20, 2006

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References (25)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by Society for Mathematical Biology
Subject
Mathematics; Mathematical and Computational Biology; Life Sciences, general; Cell Biology
ISSN
0092-8240
eISSN
1522-9602
DOI
10.1007/s11538-006-9104-x
pmid
17086493
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A deterministic differential equation model for the population dynamics of the human malaria vector is derived and studied. Conditions for the existence and stability of a non-zero steady state vector population density are derived. These reveal that a threshold parameter, the vectorial basic reproduction number, exist and the vector can established itself in the community if and only if this parameter exceeds unity. When a non-zero steady state population density exists, it can be stable but it can also be driven to instability via a Hopf Bifurcation to periodic solutions, as a parameter is varied in parameter space. By considering a special case, an asymptotic perturbation analysis is used to derive the amplitude of the oscillating solutions for the full non-linear system. The present modelling exercise and results show that it is possible to study the population dynamics of disease vectors, and hence oscillatory behaviour as it is often observed in most indirectly transmitted infectious diseases of humans, without recourse to external seasonal forcing.

Journal

Bulletin of Mathematical BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 20, 2006

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