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Pacted Democracy in the Middle EastA Theory of Pacted Democracy

Pacted Democracy in the Middle East: A Theory of Pacted Democracy [This chapter introduces a rejuvenated theory of pacted democracy. It returns to early writings on democratization inspired by the Third Wave, and investigates the rationalist thinking that might compel opposing political elites in a context of post-revolutionary struggle to compromise rather than endlessly battle. It proposes that in three interlocking contexts—namely extreme polarization, political parity, and normative diversity—political elites can seek positive-sum solutions to irreconcilable claims on power motivated by differing ideologies and divergent worldviews. It further argues that the situation in the Middle East and North Africa today is one ripe for pacting, as titanic conflicts for power between Islamist groups like the Muslim Brotherhood and non-Islamists like liberals will occur whenever sudden revolutionary uprisings weaken hegemonic dictatorships. These clashes also resemble the circumstances of pacting seen in other regions historically, such as Latin America and southern Europe. While pacting does not guarantee eternal democratic success, it gives democracy a fighting chance by helping to settle vicious ideological conflicts.] http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

Pacted Democracy in the Middle EastA Theory of Pacted Democracy

Part of the St Antony's Series Book Series

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2022
ISBN
978-3-030-99239-2
Pages
55 –102
DOI
10.1007/978-3-030-99240-8_3
Publisher site
See Chapter on Publisher Site

Abstract

[This chapter introduces a rejuvenated theory of pacted democracy. It returns to early writings on democratization inspired by the Third Wave, and investigates the rationalist thinking that might compel opposing political elites in a context of post-revolutionary struggle to compromise rather than endlessly battle. It proposes that in three interlocking contexts—namely extreme polarization, political parity, and normative diversity—political elites can seek positive-sum solutions to irreconcilable claims on power motivated by differing ideologies and divergent worldviews. It further argues that the situation in the Middle East and North Africa today is one ripe for pacting, as titanic conflicts for power between Islamist groups like the Muslim Brotherhood and non-Islamists like liberals will occur whenever sudden revolutionary uprisings weaken hegemonic dictatorships. These clashes also resemble the circumstances of pacting seen in other regions historically, such as Latin America and southern Europe. While pacting does not guarantee eternal democratic success, it gives democracy a fighting chance by helping to settle vicious ideological conflicts.]

Published: May 18, 2022

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