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Science and Technology in Homeric EpicsDefensive Weapons in Homer

Science and Technology in Homeric Epics: Defensive Weapons in Homer [Highly interesting structures, i.e. defensive weapons, described in the Homeric Epics and possessing elements of almost modern technology, are investigated. We are mainly referring to the shields of Achilles and Ajax, consisting of successive layers of different metals the former and of metal and leather layers the latter, e.g. they belong to the so-called laminated structures, as termed in modern technological terminology. The latter are part of a great class of materials, named composite materials. These structures were analyzed on the basis of realistic assumptions, as far their constituent materials are concerned and, by using modern computer codes and on occasions experimentally, their properties were investigated. The results not only confirm with amazing accuracy the Homeric descriptions as regards their battle behaviour, but they also provide indication of very advanced knowledge of science and technology of materials and structures possessed by the Mycenaean Greeks. Comparison of the said structures with the ones of much later times, confirm their technological supremacy. Other defensive weapons, such as helmets and breastplates of the Mycenaeans exhibit equally advanced technical attributes.] http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

Science and Technology in Homeric EpicsDefensive Weapons in Homer

Part of the History of Mechanism and Machine Science Book Series (volume 6)
Editors: Paipetis, S. A.

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
© Springer Netherlands 2008
ISBN
978-1-4020-8783-7
Pages
181 –203
DOI
10.1007/978-1-4020-8784-4_13
Publisher site
See Chapter on Publisher Site

Abstract

[Highly interesting structures, i.e. defensive weapons, described in the Homeric Epics and possessing elements of almost modern technology, are investigated. We are mainly referring to the shields of Achilles and Ajax, consisting of successive layers of different metals the former and of metal and leather layers the latter, e.g. they belong to the so-called laminated structures, as termed in modern technological terminology. The latter are part of a great class of materials, named composite materials. These structures were analyzed on the basis of realistic assumptions, as far their constituent materials are concerned and, by using modern computer codes and on occasions experimentally, their properties were investigated. The results not only confirm with amazing accuracy the Homeric descriptions as regards their battle behaviour, but they also provide indication of very advanced knowledge of science and technology of materials and structures possessed by the Mycenaean Greeks. Comparison of the said structures with the ones of much later times, confirm their technological supremacy. Other defensive weapons, such as helmets and breastplates of the Mycenaeans exhibit equally advanced technical attributes.]

Published: Jan 1, 2008

Keywords: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; Projectile Velocity; External Laminate; Penetration Hole; Projectile Kinetic Energy

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