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Transformation in Higher EducationGlobal Reform Trends in Higher Education

Transformation in Higher Education: Global Reform Trends in Higher Education CHAPTER 1 PETER MAASSEN & NICO CLOETE GLOBAL REFORM TRENDS IN HIGHER EDUCATION Towards the end of the 1980s the contours of a ‘new world order’ became more and more visible. Its rise was marked by the collapse of communist regimes and the increasing political hegemony of neo-liberal market ideologies. These established an environment for socio-economic and political change during the 1990s that would assert considerable reform pressures on all sectors of society, higher education included. South Africa’s negotiated settlement (Kraak, 2001) or ‘implicit bargain’ (Gelb, 1998, 2001) in 1994 must not only be seen as an isolated moment of a ‘miracle transition’ at the southern tip of Africa. It was also part of a political and economic transition process on a planetary scale that a large number of analysts have tried to capture as globalisation (Castells, 2001; Held et al., 1999). Even though globalisation is a far from uncontroversial concept, there is general agreement that most nation states are going through a transformation process that is strongly affected by global trends and pressures. These trends and pressures form, for example, an important basis for national public sector reforms with respect to higher education. Globalisation impulses stem from financial http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

Transformation in Higher EducationGlobal Reform Trends in Higher Education

Part of the Higher Education Dynamics Book Series (volume 10)
Editors: Cloete, Nico; Maassen, Peter; Fehnel, Richard; Moja, Teboho; Gibbon, Trish; Perold, Helene

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References (22)

Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
© Springer 2006
ISBN
978-1-4020-4005-4
Pages
7 –33
DOI
10.1007/1-4020-4006-7_2
Publisher site
See Chapter on Publisher Site

Abstract

CHAPTER 1 PETER MAASSEN & NICO CLOETE GLOBAL REFORM TRENDS IN HIGHER EDUCATION Towards the end of the 1980s the contours of a ‘new world order’ became more and more visible. Its rise was marked by the collapse of communist regimes and the increasing political hegemony of neo-liberal market ideologies. These established an environment for socio-economic and political change during the 1990s that would assert considerable reform pressures on all sectors of society, higher education included. South Africa’s negotiated settlement (Kraak, 2001) or ‘implicit bargain’ (Gelb, 1998, 2001) in 1994 must not only be seen as an isolated moment of a ‘miracle transition’ at the southern tip of Africa. It was also part of a political and economic transition process on a planetary scale that a large number of analysts have tried to capture as globalisation (Castells, 2001; Held et al., 1999). Even though globalisation is a far from uncontroversial concept, there is general agreement that most nation states are going through a transformation process that is strongly affected by global trends and pressures. These trends and pressures form, for example, an important basis for national public sector reforms with respect to higher education. Globalisation impulses stem from financial

Published: Jan 1, 2006

Keywords: High Education; High Education Institution; High Education System; High Education Policy; Public High Education

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