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Genetic engineering of herbicide resistance in higher plants

Genetic engineering of herbicide resistance in higher plants Plant Sciences such as an increase in cuticular wax layers obstructing pene- Genetic Engineering of Herbicide tration of the herbicide. Resistance in Higher Plants As a result of a stepwise increase in the concentration of a selective agent, an overproduction of the target site due to a Arno Schulz, Friedrich Wengenmayer, and gene amplification has been observed several times in animal Howard M. Goodman cells.1 This is also a known feature in plant cells grown in increasing herbicide concentrations. Natural herbicide selec- I. INTRODUCTION tivity is in most cases based on metabolic detoxification of herbicides, which is discussed in some detail in the following The use of herbicides is a well-established necessity in mod- section of this review. Engineered metabolism or enzymatic em agricultural practice. In recent years, the demand for en- modification of herbicides in plants is an increasingly important vironmental safety has made it necessary to develop less toxic approach to resistance; some examples are also given. compounds, and competition in this field has resulted in the Mutated herbicide target-genes can be selected under high development of several new, better, and safer herbicides, in- selective pressure by growing organisms in the presence of the cluding a number http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences Taylor & Francis

Genetic engineering of herbicide resistance in higher plants

Genetic engineering of herbicide resistance in higher plants

Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences , Volume 9 (1): 15 – Jan 1, 1990

Abstract

Plant Sciences such as an increase in cuticular wax layers obstructing pene- Genetic Engineering of Herbicide tration of the herbicide. Resistance in Higher Plants As a result of a stepwise increase in the concentration of a selective agent, an overproduction of the target site due to a Arno Schulz, Friedrich Wengenmayer, and gene amplification has been observed several times in animal Howard M. Goodman cells.1 This is also a known feature in plant cells grown in increasing herbicide concentrations. Natural herbicide selec- I. INTRODUCTION tivity is in most cases based on metabolic detoxification of herbicides, which is discussed in some detail in the following The use of herbicides is a well-established necessity in mod- section of this review. Engineered metabolism or enzymatic em agricultural practice. In recent years, the demand for en- modification of herbicides in plants is an increasingly important vironmental safety has made it necessary to develop less toxic approach to resistance; some examples are also given. compounds, and competition in this field has resulted in the Mutated herbicide target-genes can be selected under high development of several new, better, and safer herbicides, in- selective pressure by growing organisms in the presence of the cluding a number

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References (123)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC
ISSN
1549-7836
eISSN
0735-2689
DOI
10.1080/07352689009382280
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Plant Sciences such as an increase in cuticular wax layers obstructing pene- Genetic Engineering of Herbicide tration of the herbicide. Resistance in Higher Plants As a result of a stepwise increase in the concentration of a selective agent, an overproduction of the target site due to a Arno Schulz, Friedrich Wengenmayer, and gene amplification has been observed several times in animal Howard M. Goodman cells.1 This is also a known feature in plant cells grown in increasing herbicide concentrations. Natural herbicide selec- I. INTRODUCTION tivity is in most cases based on metabolic detoxification of herbicides, which is discussed in some detail in the following The use of herbicides is a well-established necessity in mod- section of this review. Engineered metabolism or enzymatic em agricultural practice. In recent years, the demand for en- modification of herbicides in plants is an increasingly important vironmental safety has made it necessary to develop less toxic approach to resistance; some examples are also given. compounds, and competition in this field has resulted in the Mutated herbicide target-genes can be selected under high development of several new, better, and safer herbicides, in- selective pressure by growing organisms in the presence of the cluding a number

Journal

Critical Reviews in Plant SciencesTaylor & Francis

Published: Jan 1, 1990

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