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Secularism and state policies toward religion: the United States, France, and Turkey

Secularism and state policies toward religion: the United States, France, and Turkey Southeast European and Black Sea Studies 491 Secularism and state policies toward religion: the United States, France, and Turkey, by Ahmet Kuru, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2009, 313 pp., $27.99 (paperback), $88.99 (hardback), ISBN 978-0-521-74134-7 Until recently, the political science literature dealt with the question of secularism for the most part in the context of authoritarian regimes. But after the end of the cold war, state–religion relations have become a salient issue for democracies as well. Ahmet Kuru’s book makes a significant contribution to this ongoing debate by inquiring into the geneses of different forms of secularism through comparative historical analyses. Although Kuru draws from a variety of countries, his primary focus is on three cases: the USA, France, and Turkey. Kuru explains the variation in state policies toward religion with ideological path dependence, and in the process, also innovates two concepts – or two secularisms with adjectives: assertive secularism and passive secularism. Assertive secularism assigns the state the duty to actively exclude religion from the social sphere, and to confine it to private domains, whereas passive secularism primarily involves state neutrality toward religion and nonreligion. Secularism and State Policies Toward Religion is composed of seven chapters as well http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Southeast European and Black Sea Studies Taylor & Francis

Secularism and state policies toward religion: the United States, France, and Turkey

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Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC
ISSN
1743-9639
eISSN
1468-3857
DOI
10.1080/14683857.2010.529997
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Southeast European and Black Sea Studies 491 Secularism and state policies toward religion: the United States, France, and Turkey, by Ahmet Kuru, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2009, 313 pp., $27.99 (paperback), $88.99 (hardback), ISBN 978-0-521-74134-7 Until recently, the political science literature dealt with the question of secularism for the most part in the context of authoritarian regimes. But after the end of the cold war, state–religion relations have become a salient issue for democracies as well. Ahmet Kuru’s book makes a significant contribution to this ongoing debate by inquiring into the geneses of different forms of secularism through comparative historical analyses. Although Kuru draws from a variety of countries, his primary focus is on three cases: the USA, France, and Turkey. Kuru explains the variation in state policies toward religion with ideological path dependence, and in the process, also innovates two concepts – or two secularisms with adjectives: assertive secularism and passive secularism. Assertive secularism assigns the state the duty to actively exclude religion from the social sphere, and to confine it to private domains, whereas passive secularism primarily involves state neutrality toward religion and nonreligion. Secularism and State Policies Toward Religion is composed of seven chapters as well

Journal

Journal of Southeast European and Black Sea StudiesTaylor & Francis

Published: Dec 1, 2010

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