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The 5 Star Movement: a political laboratory

The 5 Star Movement: a political laboratory The history of the Five Star Movement is brief but complex. From the outset, the Movement’s political symbol provided a sort of ‘common brand’ for local action groups and movements, already active on the ground, engaged in pursuing environmental issues and in defending public amenities. In the initial phase of its existence, its voters were oriented to the left. Then, as time went by, it won support also from those on the centre-right, in particular from PdL and Northern League voters, owing to the disappointment they felt as a result of the scandals and internal divisions that had hit those parties. In the end, Grillo’s Movement became a sort of vehicle of anti-political protest, used by citizens to voice their discontent with traditional parties and professional politicians. On the basis of this widened support, it achieved unexpected electoral success at the 2013 general election. The Five Star Movement would not exist without Beppe Grillo; and it shares, in fact, the main features of the personal party model. However, the ‘personalised’ nature of the leader’s relationship with his voters does not stand out as much as one might expect. The Movement’s main political proposal revolves around a critique of representative democracy, and a strong preference for direct and deliberative democracy. In short, it is very difficult to define Beppe Grillo and ‘his’ Movement, since this political entity is not representative of a ‘specific model’ but is, rather, an accurate reflection of the ongoing crisis European democracies are now experiencing. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Contemporary Italian Politics Taylor & Francis

The 5 Star Movement: a political laboratory

Contemporary Italian Politics , Volume 6 (1): 12 – Jan 2, 2014
12 pages

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References (28)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
© The Founding Editors, Contemporary Italian Politics
ISSN
2324-8831
eISSN
2324-8823
DOI
10.1080/23248823.2014.881016
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The history of the Five Star Movement is brief but complex. From the outset, the Movement’s political symbol provided a sort of ‘common brand’ for local action groups and movements, already active on the ground, engaged in pursuing environmental issues and in defending public amenities. In the initial phase of its existence, its voters were oriented to the left. Then, as time went by, it won support also from those on the centre-right, in particular from PdL and Northern League voters, owing to the disappointment they felt as a result of the scandals and internal divisions that had hit those parties. In the end, Grillo’s Movement became a sort of vehicle of anti-political protest, used by citizens to voice their discontent with traditional parties and professional politicians. On the basis of this widened support, it achieved unexpected electoral success at the 2013 general election. The Five Star Movement would not exist without Beppe Grillo; and it shares, in fact, the main features of the personal party model. However, the ‘personalised’ nature of the leader’s relationship with his voters does not stand out as much as one might expect. The Movement’s main political proposal revolves around a critique of representative democracy, and a strong preference for direct and deliberative democracy. In short, it is very difficult to define Beppe Grillo and ‘his’ Movement, since this political entity is not representative of a ‘specific model’ but is, rather, an accurate reflection of the ongoing crisis European democracies are now experiencing.

Journal

Contemporary Italian PoliticsTaylor & Francis

Published: Jan 2, 2014

Keywords: Five Star Movement; populism; Beppe Grillo; personal party; web-politics; anti-party parties

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