Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Subscribe now for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

The Economic Cost of Gender Gaps in Effective Labor: Africa's Missing Growth Reserve

The Economic Cost of Gender Gaps in Effective Labor: Africa's Missing Growth Reserve This study analyzes the impact of the gender gap in effective labor – defined as the combined effect of the gender gaps in labor force participation and education – on economic output per worker. The results indicate that the gender gap in effective labor has a negative effect on the economic output per worker in African countries. A 1 percent increase in the gender gap in effective labor leads to a reduction in output per worker by 0.43–0.49 percent in Africa overall, 0.29–0.50 percent in Sub-Saharan Africa, and 0.26–0.32 percent in a wider group of countries from Africa and Asia. The total annual economic losses due to gender gaps in effective labor could be as high as US$255 billion for the African region. Results confirm that Africa is missing its full growth potential because a sizeable portion of its growth reserve – women – is not fully utilized. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Feminist Economics Taylor & Francis

The Economic Cost of Gender Gaps in Effective Labor: Africa's Missing Growth Reserve

Feminist Economics , Volume 21 (2): 25 – Apr 3, 2015
25 pages

Loading next page...
 
/lp/taylor-francis/the-economic-cost-of-gender-gaps-in-effective-labor-africa-apos-s-zvUMG2wyNr

References (67)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
© 2015 IAFFE
ISSN
1466-4372
eISSN
1354-5701
DOI
10.1080/13545701.2014.986153
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study analyzes the impact of the gender gap in effective labor – defined as the combined effect of the gender gaps in labor force participation and education – on economic output per worker. The results indicate that the gender gap in effective labor has a negative effect on the economic output per worker in African countries. A 1 percent increase in the gender gap in effective labor leads to a reduction in output per worker by 0.43–0.49 percent in Africa overall, 0.29–0.50 percent in Sub-Saharan Africa, and 0.26–0.32 percent in a wider group of countries from Africa and Asia. The total annual economic losses due to gender gaps in effective labor could be as high as US$255 billion for the African region. Results confirm that Africa is missing its full growth potential because a sizeable portion of its growth reserve – women – is not fully utilized.

Journal

Feminist EconomicsTaylor & Francis

Published: Apr 3, 2015

Keywords: Gender; labor; growth; F43; J01; J16

There are no references for this article.