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The Insecticidal Crystal Proteins of Bacillus thuringiensis: Past, Present and Future Uses

The Insecticidal Crystal Proteins of Bacillus thuringiensis: Past, Present and Future Uses The Insecticidal Crystal Proteins of Bacillus thuringiensis: Past, Present and Future Uses MICI-IAEL Cj. K()ZIEL~ NADINE B. (~i\I~()ZZL ~rl"I()rvlAS c~ (~lJRllIER. (JI{EG()r~Y W. WAI<H.EN j\NI) S'T'EPl'IEN V. EVe)I...I\ C"ilJa I-lgricullural 13iolec!Ill%gy I?esearc!l LIllil. I~ese(lrch J·,.itlJlgle l)ark. ,Vorth (·'aro!illll. (JSi~ Introduction Ill/cil/us lhurillgiellsis (Bt) is a Ciraln-positive~ sporc-fornling hactcriu1l1 .. \vhich produces a parasporal crystal during sporulation. ·rhese crystals arc prcdoillinanlly cOll1priscd of one or l11()rC proteins. called b-cndotoxins or insecticidal crystal proteins .. kno\vrl to possess insecticidal activity \vhen ingested by certain insects. NUlllcrous strains of 8t arc currently kno\vn. Each strain produces differing IlUlllhers of h-cndotoxins \vith various insecticidal activities. f\ given b-endotoxin is typically insecticidal to\vards a llClITO\V spcctrlll11 of insect targets. Bl has been used since 1938 to produce an insecticidal spray for the control of certain insect pests. ·r'hcse sprays arc kno\vn for their environnlental safety and safety to\vards non-target insects as \vell as other anilllais. As agricultural practices dCJnand ever-increasing safety for pest control practices. interest in Bt has increased. ()riginally .. 131 \vas considered to be useful only against a fe\\" insect species in the order L,cpidoptcn.L but expanded screening efforts have yielded several strains \vith it IllJlllbcr of different activities .. including http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews Taylor & Francis

The Insecticidal Crystal Proteins of Bacillus thuringiensis: Past, Present and Future Uses

The Insecticidal Crystal Proteins of Bacillus thuringiensis: Past, Present and Future Uses

Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews , Volume 11 (1): 58 – Dec 1, 1993

Abstract

The Insecticidal Crystal Proteins of Bacillus thuringiensis: Past, Present and Future Uses MICI-IAEL Cj. K()ZIEL~ NADINE B. (~i\I~()ZZL ~rl"I()rvlAS c~ (~lJRllIER. (JI{EG()r~Y W. WAI<H.EN j\NI) S'T'EPl'IEN V. EVe)I...I\ C"ilJa I-lgricullural 13iolec!Ill%gy I?esearc!l LIllil. I~ese(lrch J·,.itlJlgle l)ark. ,Vorth (·'aro!illll. (JSi~ Introduction Ill/cil/us lhurillgiellsis (Bt) is a Ciraln-positive~ sporc-fornling hactcriu1l1 .. \vhich produces a parasporal crystal during sporulation. ·rhese crystals arc prcdoillinanlly cOll1priscd of one or l11()rC proteins. called b-cndotoxins or insecticidal crystal proteins .. kno\vrl to possess insecticidal activity \vhen ingested by certain insects. NUlllcrous strains of 8t arc currently kno\vn. Each strain produces differing IlUlllhers of h-cndotoxins \vith various insecticidal activities. f\ given b-endotoxin is typically insecticidal to\vards a llClITO\V spcctrlll11 of insect targets. Bl has been used since 1938 to produce an insecticidal spray for the control of certain insect pests. ·r'hcse sprays arc kno\vn for their environnlental safety and safety to\vards non-target insects as \vell as other anilllais. As agricultural practices dCJnand ever-increasing safety for pest control practices. interest in Bt has increased. ()riginally .. 131 \vas considered to be useful only against a fe\\" insect species in the order L,cpidoptcn.L but expanded screening efforts have yielded several strains \vith it IllJlllbcr of different activities .. including

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References (122)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC
ISSN
2046-5556
eISSN
0264-8725
DOI
10.1080/02648725.1993.10647901
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The Insecticidal Crystal Proteins of Bacillus thuringiensis: Past, Present and Future Uses MICI-IAEL Cj. K()ZIEL~ NADINE B. (~i\I~()ZZL ~rl"I()rvlAS c~ (~lJRllIER. (JI{EG()r~Y W. WAI<H.EN j\NI) S'T'EPl'IEN V. EVe)I...I\ C"ilJa I-lgricullural 13iolec!Ill%gy I?esearc!l LIllil. I~ese(lrch J·,.itlJlgle l)ark. ,Vorth (·'aro!illll. (JSi~ Introduction Ill/cil/us lhurillgiellsis (Bt) is a Ciraln-positive~ sporc-fornling hactcriu1l1 .. \vhich produces a parasporal crystal during sporulation. ·rhese crystals arc prcdoillinanlly cOll1priscd of one or l11()rC proteins. called b-cndotoxins or insecticidal crystal proteins .. kno\vrl to possess insecticidal activity \vhen ingested by certain insects. NUlllcrous strains of 8t arc currently kno\vn. Each strain produces differing IlUlllhers of h-cndotoxins \vith various insecticidal activities. f\ given b-endotoxin is typically insecticidal to\vards a llClITO\V spcctrlll11 of insect targets. Bl has been used since 1938 to produce an insecticidal spray for the control of certain insect pests. ·r'hcse sprays arc kno\vn for their environnlental safety and safety to\vards non-target insects as \vell as other anilllais. As agricultural practices dCJnand ever-increasing safety for pest control practices. interest in Bt has increased. ()riginally .. 131 \vas considered to be useful only against a fe\\" insect species in the order L,cpidoptcn.L but expanded screening efforts have yielded several strains \vith it IllJlllbcr of different activities .. including

Journal

Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering ReviewsTaylor & Francis

Published: Dec 1, 1993

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