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Constructing cross‐situational consistencies in behavior: Some thoughts on Alker's critique of Mischel

Constructing cross‐situational consistencies in behavior: Some thoughts on Alker's critique of... DaryN Bem three-page presentation (pp. 135-137) of a CPI-MMPI multipleregression study by Cough (Cough, Wenk, & Rozynko, 19^5) whom Alker specifically accuses Mischel of ignoring. But more important than Alker's simple misreadmg of the empirical review is his erroneous charge that Mischel misunderstands constmct validation, for this reveals that Alker has misapprehended the logical status of Mischel's arguments and conclusions. Contrary to Alker's implication, Mischel m no way restncts on a prion grounds the phenotypically dissimilar responses an investigator may include as "mdices" of an underlymg genotype. Nor does he m any way prejudge the inferential or combmatonal processes by which the equivalence classes of phenotypic behaviors are constructed All that Mischel asks is that "the results of construct-vahdation research provide evidence for the utility of (^tegonzmg behavior m accord vnth the particular construct" (p. 100). Thus, if Alker's haruspex secretly informs him that certain phenotypic measures of altrmsm, aggr^sion, authoritananism and aardvark-like gait are in fact separate indices of the "A" genotype, Mischel is perfectly wilhng to consider the results section of the subsequent experimental report—just as he did with not dissimilar methodologies m his review And if these separate indices permit Alker to predict behavior across http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Personality Wiley

Constructing cross‐situational consistencies in behavior: Some thoughts on Alker's critique of Mischel

Journal of Personality , Volume 40 (1) – Jan 1, 1972

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References (10)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1972 Wiley Subscription Services
ISSN
0022-3506
eISSN
1467-6494
DOI
10.1111/j.1467-6494.1972.tb00645.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

DaryN Bem three-page presentation (pp. 135-137) of a CPI-MMPI multipleregression study by Cough (Cough, Wenk, & Rozynko, 19^5) whom Alker specifically accuses Mischel of ignoring. But more important than Alker's simple misreadmg of the empirical review is his erroneous charge that Mischel misunderstands constmct validation, for this reveals that Alker has misapprehended the logical status of Mischel's arguments and conclusions. Contrary to Alker's implication, Mischel m no way restncts on a prion grounds the phenotypically dissimilar responses an investigator may include as "mdices" of an underlymg genotype. Nor does he m any way prejudge the inferential or combmatonal processes by which the equivalence classes of phenotypic behaviors are constructed All that Mischel asks is that "the results of construct-vahdation research provide evidence for the utility of (^tegonzmg behavior m accord vnth the particular construct" (p. 100). Thus, if Alker's haruspex secretly informs him that certain phenotypic measures of altrmsm, aggr^sion, authoritananism and aardvark-like gait are in fact separate indices of the "A" genotype, Mischel is perfectly wilhng to consider the results section of the subsequent experimental report—just as he did with not dissimilar methodologies m his review And if these separate indices permit Alker to predict behavior across

Journal

Journal of PersonalityWiley

Published: Jan 1, 1972

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