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Is personality situationally specific or intrapsychically consistent?1

Is personality situationally specific or intrapsychically consistent?1 1 Ciatitude mast be expressed to £ennetb Craik and Judy Regan for ^ r eztraisive and comtructive reviews ol eaxbex drafts c^ tins paper Remaining erroa is the argument reflect cmly the dbduiate perseveraticHt of die d Henry A Alker data which demonstrate that the same person makes different responses m different situations. Among these sources of evidence for situational specificity is the abundance m the literature of what Mischel calls "personality coeflBcients." These coefficients are correlations between responses made in different situations by the same person and are typically in the .2 or .3 range. As such these coefficients constitute very weak evidence for response constancy. The resultmg proportion of vanance explamed by the personality characteristic exhibited by these response constancies IS simply trivial Even these minimal correlations often refiect shared method rather than shared trait variance Response sets and other artifacts mfiate these correlations. Among such artifacts are the mtuitive personahty theories of raters who make clinical judgments to the effect that the same trait is exemplified by behaviors m different settings. These ratmgs constitute invahd evidence for response constancy and only obscure the variation in behavior due to situational factors. Mischel's perspective is extended to http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Personality Wiley

Is personality situationally specific or intrapsychically consistent?1

Journal of Personality , Volume 40 (1) – Jan 1, 1972

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References (19)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1972 Wiley Subscription Services
ISSN
0022-3506
eISSN
1467-6494
DOI
10.1111/j.1467-6494.1972.tb00644.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

1 Ciatitude mast be expressed to £ennetb Craik and Judy Regan for ^ r eztraisive and comtructive reviews ol eaxbex drafts c^ tins paper Remaining erroa is the argument reflect cmly the dbduiate perseveraticHt of die d Henry A Alker data which demonstrate that the same person makes different responses m different situations. Among these sources of evidence for situational specificity is the abundance m the literature of what Mischel calls "personality coeflBcients." These coefficients are correlations between responses made in different situations by the same person and are typically in the .2 or .3 range. As such these coefficients constitute very weak evidence for response constancy. The resultmg proportion of vanance explamed by the personality characteristic exhibited by these response constancies IS simply trivial Even these minimal correlations often refiect shared method rather than shared trait variance Response sets and other artifacts mfiate these correlations. Among such artifacts are the mtuitive personahty theories of raters who make clinical judgments to the effect that the same trait is exemplified by behaviors m different settings. These ratmgs constitute invahd evidence for response constancy and only obscure the variation in behavior due to situational factors. Mischel's perspective is extended to

Journal

Journal of PersonalityWiley

Published: Jan 1, 1972

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